Understanding Pokémon types is critical to becoming a top Pokémon trainer. The 18 different Pokémon types each have their own unique strengths, weaknesses, and strategies in battle. This comprehensive guide provides an overview of types, key matchups, and tips for utilizing them successfully when team building and battling.
Introduction to Pokémon Types
Each Pokémon has one or two associated types that determine:
- The moves they can learn
- Damage modifiers for attacks against them
- Their resistances and vulnerabilities
The 18 types are:
When building your team, you want to ensure you have types that complement each other for both offensive coverage and defensive synergy. Mastering matchups gives you a major battle advantage.
Offensive Type Strengths and Weaknesses
Here is an overview of what each type is strong and weak against offensively:
Normal – No strengths or weaknesses. Versatile neutral damage.
Fire – Strong against Grass, Ice, Bug, Steel. Weak to Water, Ground, Rock.
Water – Strong against Fire, Ground, Rock. Weak to Grass, Electric.
Electric – Strong against Water, Flying. Weak to Ground.
Grass – Strong against Water, Ground, Rock. Weak to Fire, Ice, Poison, Flying, Bug.
Ice – Strong against Flying, Ground, Grass, Dragon. Weak to Fire, Fighting, Rock, Steel.
Fighting – Strong against Normal, Rock, Steel, Ice, Dark. Weak to Flying, Poison, Bug, Psychic, Fairy.
Poison – Strong against Grass, Fairy. Weak to Ground, Psychic.
Ground – Strong against Fire, Electric, Poison, Rock, Steel. Weak to Water, Grass, Ice.
Flying – Strong against Fighting, Bug, Grass. Weak to Electric, Rock, Steel.
Psychic – Strong against Fighting, Poison. Weak to Bug, Ghost, Dark.
Bug – Strong against Grass, Psychic, Dark. Weak to Fire, Fighting, Poison, Flying, Ghost, Steel, Fairy.
Rock – Strong against Fire, Ice, Flying, Bug. Weak to Fighting, Ground, Steel.
Ghost – Strong against Ghost, Psychic. Weak to Dark.
Dragon – Strong against Dragon. Weak to Steel, Fairy.
Dark – Strong against Ghost, Psychic. Weak to Fighting, Bug, Fairy.
Steel – Strong against Ice, Rock, Fairy. Weak to Fire, Fighting, Ground.
Fairy – Strong against Fighting, Dragon, Dark. Weak to Poison, Steel.
Use these offensive strengths when team building and choosing moves.
Defensive Type Resistances and Vulnerabilities
Defensively, types take less or more damage from certain attack types:
Normal – No resistances or vulnerabilities.
Fire – Resists Fire, Grass, Ice, Bug, Steel. Weak to Water, Ground, Rock.
Water – Resists Fire, Water, Ice, Steel. Weak to Grass, Electric.
Electric – Resists Electric, Flying, Steel. Weak to Ground.
Grass – Resists Water, Electric, Grass, Ground. Weak to Fire, Ice, Poison, Flying, Bug.
Ice – Resists Ice. Weak to Fire, Fighting, Rock, Steel.
Fighting – Resists Bug, Rock, Dark. Weak to Flying, Psychic, Fairy.
Poison – Resists Fighting, Poison, Grass, Bug. Weak to Ground, Psychic.
Ground – Resists Poison, Rock. Weak to Water, Grass, Ice.
Flying – Resists Fighting, Bug, Grass. Weak to Electric, Rock, Ice.
Psychic – Resists Fighting, Psychic. Weak to Bug, Ghost, Dark.
Bug – Resists Fighting, Ground, Grass. Weak to Fire, Flying, Rock.
Rock – Resists Normal, Fire, Poison, Flying. Weak to Fighting, Ground, Steel, Water, Grass.
Ghost – Resists Poison, Bug. Weak to Ghost, Dark.
Dragon – Resists Fire, Water, Electric, Grass. Weak to Ice, Dragon, Fairy.
Dark – Resists Ghost, Dark. Weak to Fighting, Bug, Fairy.
Steel – Resists Normal, Grass, Ice, Flying, Psychic, Bug, Rock, Dragon, Steel. Weak to Fighting, Ground, Fire.
Fairy – Resists Fighting, Bug, Dark. Weak to Poison, Steel.
Use resistances and vulnerabilities when team building.
Pokémon can have two types, which compounds strengths/weaknesses:
- Charizard is Fire/Flying – Takes quad damage from Rock but resists Grass.
- Azumarill is Water/Fairy – Handles Dark and Dragon types well.
- Empoleon is Water/Steel – Resists Fire along with the Water strength against it.
Carefully utilize dual types to shore up weaknesses.
Team Building Tips
When constructing teams, remember these type strategy tips:
- Cover each other’s weaknesses
- Don’t overlap too many (i.e. two Fire types)
- Carry coverage moves like Focus Blast
- Mix up physical/special damage options
- Utilize dual types intelligently
- Identify and counter the current meta
With smart type synergy and matchups, your team will have the edge!
Mastering Pokémon type strengths, resistances, and matchups is critical to victory. Carefully select types with complementary offensive coverage and defensive resilience. Know your matchup numbers, just like real damage values. A type advantage combined with skillful play will make you unstoppable!
Frequently Asked Questions
What’s more important, a Pokémon’s stats or its types?
A blend of both is key. Types give advantage, but base stats determine viability. For example, Caterpie has bad stats despite Bug resisting Ground.
Should you specialize or diversify your types?
Balance is ideal. Have specialists with STAB boosts but also varied coverage. Don’t have redundant types like 3 Water Pokémon.
How do you cover all weaknesses?
It’s tough to cover everything given team size limits. Prioritize common threats like Fighting, Fairy, and Ground coverage. Have checks to these.
Do abilities impact type effectiveness?
Some abilities like Levitate can neutralize weaknesses. But the base type chart remains unchanged otherwise.
Does weather affect type matchups?
Yes, weather powers up certain types’ moves, like Water in rain. Abilities like Dry Skin alter resistance too. Calculate accordingly.
Let me know if you need any clarification or have additional questions!
- Introduction to Pokémon Types
- Offensive Type Strengths and Weaknesses
- Defensive Type Resistances and Vulnerabilities
- Dual Types
- Team Building Tips
- Frequently Asked Questions